Why IAEA Report Is Another Winning Card for Iran?
IAEA Director General Rafael Mariano Grossi’s report on Iran nuclear activities was published by the media on Friday. The early release of the report was met by criticism and objection, particularly from the Mikhail Ulyanov, Russia's permanent representative to the UN who questioned the release of the report in media immediately after it was received by the IAEA Board of Governors.
The report says Iran's stockpile of uranium enrichment has increased more than 10 times the permitted enriched uranium under the 2015 nuclear deal. It also underlines Iran has allowed inspecting one of the sites by the organization later in September.
Tehran and Moscow believe that the report will have a positive effect on JCPOA signatories, proving that Iran has constructive ties with IAEA.
We have talked about the report with Hassan Beheshtipour, an expert of international relations to have a deeper look into it.
Q: What is the significance of the IAEA report on Iran regarding the JCPOA’s current condition?
The importance of these periodic reports is that it shows the organization has a comprehensive monitoring on Iran’s nuclear activities and, on the other side, proves that Tehran follows its nuclear program in a clear and transparent way in coordination with the IAEA.
The report published on Friday shows that the organization has complete and comprehensive access to the information and Iran has worked transparently in this regard. The report has taken to major issues into consideration. First is that IAEA has been able to visit one of the two sites after a visit by Grossi to Iran in late August and take samples for examination, the results of which would come with the next report. Inspecting the second requested site was scheduled for late September. The next issue was the Iran’s enriched uranium stockpile that has exceeded the agreed amount in JCPOA, more than ten times.
Q: What foreign media maneuvered on mostly was the issue of exceeded uranium stockpile. Why it is so?
The news agencies have highlighted this in a way to imply that Iran has violated the IAEA rules. However, this has happened with the organization’s approval. On the other hand, Iran has enriched the uranium to a purity of up to 4.5 percent, compared to the 3.67 percent allowed under the JCPOA, which is not considered an explicit violation of the deal. This is not a considerable amount. Even the reported weight, which is nearly 3.000 kg, is not a high and unusual amount given the purpose it is used for.
Q: Why Tehran has decided to increase its uranium enrichment?
Increasing the enriched uranium stockpiles is in fact a response to the lack of commitment to JCPOA by its remained signatories that mostly includes the European trio. As these countries failed in accomplishing almost every single obligation under the JCPOA and the deal failed to bear the necessary results for Iran, Tehran has decided to act reciprocally. However, Iran at the same time has announced that Tehran will immediately stop the increase of stockpiles and return to the JCPOA commitments if the European signatories fulfill theirs. This is one of the reasons that we can say the IAEA report is not negative, but positive.
Q: What would be the positive effect of the report on Iran’s case?
The report will have a positive effect on decisions made by JCPOA signatories. Iran reduced its commitments during a phase, announcing that if the other signatories fulfil their obligations, Tehran will return to its commitments. This has been done under the IAEA monitoring. Besides, the violations mentioned in the report are minor and are not considered explicit violations. The content of the report is generally positive and contains no issue of serious concern or anything that may bring the Iran’s nuclear case to the UN Security Council.
This interview was originally published in Persian at Khabaronline.ir.