US Standoff: Nuclear Deal Parties to Leave Washington AloneMohsen Jalilvand
Almost all Security Council members flatly rejected US position, repeating their position that Washington had lost its legal standing to act after President Trump withdrew from the 2015 Iran nuclear deal two years ago.
The US officials insisted they had acted legitimately in triggering a so-called snapback mechanism that would reimpose all UN sanctions on Iran; after a resounding defeat in the UN Security Council, the United States will not give up.
Niger, compared to Indonesia, has less diplomatic power against the US pressures.
US Trying to Pressure Niger
The new United Nations Security Council president, Niger, compared to Indonesia, has less diplomatic power against the US pressures. Therefore, Washington can maneuver more on UN Security Council under the Niger’s presidency to trigger the snapback mechanism against Iran.
This is the point that gives significance to the US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo’s meeting with Nigerian envoy to the United Nations. We have to wait and see to what extent Niger will resist the US pressures noting that the presidency of the Council could play an important role in America’s scenario for activating the snapback mechanism.
If one of the signatories of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) deliver a complaint or a notice of breaching the deal by Iran to the UNSC, a resolution on Iran’s sanctions has to be proposed by one of the member states to the Council within 30 days. But if no resolution is proposed within 10 days after receiving the note, it falls on the presidency of the Security Council to propose a resolution for voting.
If Washington’s efforts in the Security Council yield no result, the US reputation would be affected seriously in the international community.
Niger; Last US Hope
The White House is counting highly on help of Abdou Abarry, the Permanent Representative of Niger to the United Nations, in this regard. If, for any reason, Washington fails to trigger the snapback mechanism under the Niger presidency, it will lose the chance to activate it through the Security Council as Russia is the next to preside the body.
The activation of snapback mechanism by the UNSC or its failure is actually tied to the US position and reputation in the body and also the international community. Thus, if Washington’s efforts in the Security Council yield no result, the US reputation would be affected seriously in the international community, which is something almost unprecedented.
US Acting Isolate to Wage War on Iran
It could be deduced from the statements of US officials, and especially the two tweets by US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo last Thursday, that even if no resolution is proposed by UNSC member states after 30 days, Washington will unilaterally announce that UN sanctions against Iran will be re-imposed from September 20.
This would create an unparalleled diplomatic and legal divide between the US, who assumes the anti-Iran sanctions have to be re-imposed, and the other UNSC member states who believe the sanctions are not in place. This is an unprecedented situation and its remains to be seen what would be the reaction of UNSC permanent and non-permanent members to Washington’s stance.
Nuclear Deal Parties to counter US
JCPOA Joint Commission meeting in this critical time can help bring the Iran and 4+1 stances closer. The meeting has critical importance as it coincides with US efforts to trigger the snapback mechanism and revive the UNSC resolutions against Iran. The meeting will be an ample opportunity for Iran to maintain closer stances with European countries of Germany, France, and the UK as well as China and Russia, noting that these countries would have important role in directing the UNSC stances on activating the anti-Iran mechanism or rejecting it.
The JCPOA Joint Commission meeting, to my belief, has a vital role in thwarting the US efforts for triggering the snapback mechanism against Iran, or giving way to it.
This article was originally published in Persian at Iranian Diplomacy.